Titian

Titian

Self-Portrait, c. 1567; Museo del Prado, Madrid

Years of life: 1487 – 1576
Artist's Teachers: Giovanni Bellini, Gentile Bellini
Artist's students: El Greco, Annibale Carracci, Tintoretto
Art Movement: High Renaissance, Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Mythology , Genre scenes , Military art , Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

The artist’s full name is Tiziano Vecellio, but he is better known as Titian. The supreme master of the Venetian School and arguably the greatest painter of the High Renaissance and of all time. Probably a pupil of Giovanni Bellini. Worked with Giorgione.

He had a wonderful sense of color and masterful brushstrokes, constantly innovative, using new subjects and reinterpretations. He could show tragedy, comedy, vulgarity, poetry, drama, ambition, frailty, spirituality. He was a genius at creating a psychological relationship between figures so that the space between them crackles with unspoken thoughts.

Study the faces, facial expressions, gestures, poses. I have never seen such stunningly believable portraits; the idealization and deep understanding of human nature are also astonishing. His gods and saints seem to be as much human as divine (and therefore understandable and approachable). Titian never belittled anyone. Superman is the measure of all things.

Titian’s major works are Christ Appearing to the Magdalen (Noli me Tangere), c. 1512 (London: National Gallery); Portrait of Ranuccio Farnese, 1542 (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art); Diana Surprised by Actaeon, 1556–59 (Edinburgh: National Gallery of Scotland); The Flaying of Marsyas, c. 1570–75 (Kromeriz, Czech Republic: Château Archiépiscopal).

References:

  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.

Artworks:

  • Pastoral Concert

    1509

    Giorgione and/or his disciple Titian (who probably finished the painting after Giorgione's death in 1510).

    Pastoral Concert   •  1509

  • Venus with a Mirror

    1555

    Venus with a Mirror   •  1555

  • Jacopo Pesaro, Bishop of Paphos, being presented by Pope Alexander VI to Saint Peter

    from 1506 until 1511

    Jacopo Pesaro, Bishop of Paphos, being presented by Pope Alexander VI to Saint Peter  •  from 1506 until 1511

  • Venus with the Organ Player

    1550

    Venus with the Organ Player   •  1550

  • The Punishment of Tythus

    1565

    The Punishment of Tythus   •  1565

  • The Worship of Venus

    between 1518 and 1519

    The Worship of Venus   •  between 1518 and 1519

  • Nymph and Shepherd

    1570 - 1575

    Nymph and Shepherd   •  1570 - 1575

  • The Bacchanal of the Andrians

    from 1523 until 1526

    The Bacchanal of the Andrians  •  from 1523 until 1526

  • Salomé

    1550

    Salomé   •  1550

  • Sisyphus

    between 1548 and 1549

    Sisyphus   •  between 1548 and 1549

  • Venus and Adonis

    1554

    Venus and Adonis   •  1554

  • The Fall of Man

    1550

    The Fall of Man   •  1550

  • Flora

    1515 - 1517

    Flora  •  1515 - 1517

  • Religion saved by Spain

    between 1572 and 1575

    Religion saved by Spain   •  between 1572 and 1575

  • St Margaret and the Dragon

    1550s / 1565

    St Margaret and the Dragon   •  1550s / 1565

  • The Burial of Christ

    1572

    The Burial of Christ   •  1572

  • The Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane

    between 1558 and 1562

    The Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane   •  between 1558 and 1562

  • Knight of Malta with a clock

    1550

    Knight of Malta with a clock   •  1550

  • Jacopo Strada

    1567 - 1568

    Jacopo Strada   •  1567 - 1568

  • Christ Carrying the Cross

    1565

    Christ Carrying the Cross   •  1565

  • Philip II offering Don Fernando to Victory

    between 1573 and 1575

    Philip II offering Don Fernando to Victory   •  between 1573 and 1575

  • Gipsy Madonna

    1510

    Gipsy Madonna  •  1510

  • Portrait of Daniele Barbaro

    1545

    Portrait of Daniele Barbaro   •  1545

  • Alfonso d'Avalos Addressing his Troops

    between 1540 and 1541

    Alfonso d'Avalos Addressing his Troops   •  between 1540 and 1541

  • Danae

    between 1560 and 1565

    Danae  •  between 1560 and 1565

  • A monk with a book

    1550

    A monk with a book   •  1550

  • Self-Portrait

    1550

    Self-Portrait   •  1550

  • Mater Dolorosa with open hands

    1555

    Mater Dolorosa with open hands   •  1555

  • Archangel Raphael and Tobit

    1542

    Archangel Raphael and Tobit  •  1542

  • Ecce Homo

    1547

    Ecce Homo   •  1547

  • The Virgin and Child between Saint Anthony of Padua and Saint Roque

    1508

    The Virgin and Child between Saint Anthony of Padua and Saint Roque   •  1508

  • John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony

    1548

    John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony   •  1548

  • Christ, a gardener

    1553

    Christ, a gardener   •  1553

  • Philip II of Spain.

    between 1549 and 1550

    Philip II of Spain.  •  between 1549 and 1550

  • Girl Before the Mirror

    after 1515

    Girl Before the Mirror   •  after 1515

  • Philip II in Armour

    1550s

    Philip II in Armour  •  1550s

  • Venus with Organist and Cupid

    1555

    Venus with Organist and Cupid   •  1555

  • The Glory

    between 1551 and 1554

    The Glory  •  between 1551 and 1554

  • Madonna of the Cherries

    1516

    Madonna of the Cherries   •  1516

  • Man with a Glove

    1520

    Man with a Glove   •  1520

  • Pastoral Concert

    1510

    Pastoral Concert   •  1510

  • The Penitent Magdalene

    1555 - 1565

    The Penitent Magdalene   •  1555 - 1565

  • Sleeping Venus

    1508

    Sleeping Venus   •  1508

  • Mars, Venus and Amor

    1530

    Mars, Venus and Amor  •  1530

  • Madonna and Child with Sts Dorothy and George

    between 1515 and 1518

    Madonna and Child with Sts Dorothy and George   •  between 1515 and 1518

  • The Feast of the Gods

    1514 - 1529

    The Feast of the Gods   •  1514 - 1529

  • Girl in a Fur

    1530 - 1540

    Girl in a Fur   •  1530 - 1540

  • The Death of Actaeon

    between 1559 and 1575

    The Death of Actaeon   •  between 1559 and 1575

  • The Tribute Money

    1516

    The Tribute Money  •  1516

  • Portrait of Federico II Gonzaga

    1525

    Portrait of Federico II Gonzaga  •  1525

  • Self-Portrait

    1562

    Self-Portrait   •  1562

  • Bacchus and Ariadne

    from 1520 until 1523

    Bacchus and Ariadne   •  from 1520 until 1523

  • Diana and Actaeon

    from 1556 until 1569

    Diana and Actaeon   •  from 1556 until 1569

  • Portrait of Charles V with a Dog

    1533

    Portrait of Charles V with a Dog   •  1533

  • An Allegory of Prudence

    between 1550 and 1565

    An Allegory of Prudence   •  between 1550 and 1565

  • Portrait of Jacopo (Giacomo) Dolfin

    1532

    Portrait of Jacopo (Giacomo) Dolfin  •  1532

  • Gian Giacomo Bartolotti from Parma

    1518

    Gian Giacomo Bartolotti from Parma  •  1518

  • Francois I and Suleiman the Magnificient

    1530

    Francois I and Suleiman the Magnificient  •  1530

  • Venus and Adonis

    between 1555 and 1560

    Venus and Adonis   •  between 1555 and 1560

  • Madonna and Child with Sts Catherine and Dominic and a Donor

    between 1512 and 1516

    Madonna and Child with Sts Catherine and Dominic and a Donor   •  between 1512 and 1516

  • Portrait of a Lady

    1555

    Portrait of a Lady   •  1555

  • Venus and the Lute Player

    1565–1570

    Venus and the Lute Player  •  1565–1570

  • The Virgin suckling the Infant Christ

    between 1563 and 1577

    The Virgin suckling the Infant Christ   •  between 1563 and 1577

  • Tarquinius and Lucretia

    between 1516 and 1517

    Tarquinius and Lucretia  •  between 1516 and 1517

  • Boy with Dogs in a Landscape

    1560s - 1570s

    Boy with Dogs in a Landscape  •  1560s - 1570s

  • Mater Dolorosa

    1554

    Mater Dolorosa   •  1554

  • Saint John the Baptist

    between 1550 and 1555

    Saint John the Baptist   •  between 1550 and 1555

  • The Tribute Money

    1540

    The Tribute Money   •  1540

  • A Sacred Conversation: The Madonna and Child with Saints Luke and Catherine of Alexandria

    A Sacred Conversation: The Madonna and Child with Saints Luke and Catherine of Alexandria

  • Noli me Tangere

    1510s

    Noli me Tangere   •  1510s

  • Venus Rising from the Sea ('Venus Anadyomene')

    1520

    Venus Rising from the Sea ('Venus Anadyomene')  •  1520

  • The Vendramin Family, venerating a Relic of the True Cross

    1543

    The Vendramin Family, venerating a Relic of the True Cross   •  1543

  • The Holy Family with a Shepherd

    1510

    The Holy Family with a Shepherd   •  1510

  • Venus of Urbino

    1538

    Venus of Urbino   •  1538

  • Sacred love and profane love

    1514

    Sacred love and profane love  •  1514

  • Portrait of Isabella d'Este

    1534-1536

    Portrait of Isabella d'Este  •  1534-1536

  • The Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John and a Female Saint or Donor

    1530

    The Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John and a Female Saint or Donor   •  1530

  • Portrait of the Venetian Painter Giovanni Bellini (?)

    from 1511 until 1512

    Portrait of the Venetian Painter Giovanni Bellini (?)   •  from 1511 until 1512

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