Pieter de Hooch

Pieter de Hooch

Pieter de Hooch, self-portrait

Years of life: 1629 – 1683
Artist's Teachers: Nicolaes Berchem
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Delft School
Genre: Portrait , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Pieter de Hooch was a popular Dutch master and one of the most famous masters of genre painting. He is known to have died in a madhouse, although we know little about his life. His best and most famous works belong to his years in Delft (1654 – c. 1660/1661) and usually depict sunny courtyards and interiors of homes of the wealthy middle-class. Until 1655 he painted lowlife peasant and soldier scenes. From Delft he moved to Amsterdam and after 1665 began to paint rich interiors with idyllic scenes of daily life. His late work (1670s) is feeble but his best work bears a similarity to that of Vermeer, who was his talented contemporary in Delft.

Observe how he enjoys the play of light. He depicts multiple rooms, square slabs of floor, and courtyards to create the illusion of a space flooded with sunlight without overwhelming the foreground. He uses carefully worked-out geometric perspective, usually with a single vanishing point. He also makes discreet use of symbols and emblems.

Pieter de Hooch’s major works are The Pantry, c. 1658 (Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum); Two Soldiers and a Woman Drinking, c. 1658–60 (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art); A Dutch Courtyard, c. 1660 (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art).

References:

  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.

Artworks:

  • Courtyard of a house in Delft

    1658

    Courtyard of a house in Delft  •  1658

  • The visit

    1657

    The visit  •  1657

  • Mother Lacing Her Bodice beside a Cradle

    1661

    Mother Lacing Her Bodice beside a Cradle  •  1661

  • A Woman with a Baby in Her Lap, and a Small Child

    1658

    A Woman with a Baby in Her Lap, and a Small Child  •  1658

  • Soldiers Playing Cards

    between 1657 and 1658

    Soldiers Playing Cards  •  between 1657 and 1658

  • A Dutch Courtyard

    between 1659 and 1660

    A Dutch Courtyard  •  between 1659 and 1660

  • Interior with Figures

    between 1663 and 1665

    Interior with Figures  •  between 1663 and 1665

  • Tavern scene with maid trying to fill the glass of a cavalier

    1652

    Tavern scene with maid trying to fill the glass of a cavalier  •  1652

  • Two women with a child in court

    1657

    Two women with a child in court  •  1657

  • The Council Chamber of the Burgomasters

    1665

    The Council Chamber of the Burgomasters  •  1665

  • Woman with basket of beans in the kitchen garden

    1651

    Woman with basket of beans in the kitchen garden  •  1651

  • The Courtyard of a House in Delft

    1658

    The Courtyard of a House in Delft  •  1658

  • A woman and a child on a Bleichwiese

    1658

    A woman and a child on a Bleichwiese  •  1658

  • Nursing mother

    1659

    Nursing mother  •  1659

  • Portrait of a family of musicians

    1663

    Portrait of a family of musicians  •  1663

  • Happy drinker

    1650

    Happy drinker  •  1650

  • Woman with infant, serving maid with child

    1663

    Woman with infant, serving maid with child  •  1663

  • Mother Lacing Her Bodice beside a Cradle, detail

    1661-1663

    Mother Lacing Her Bodice beside a Cradle, detail  •   1661-1663

  • The morning toilet of a young man

    1656

    The morning toilet of a young man  •  1656

  • Woman weighing gold coins

    1664

    Woman weighing gold coins  •  1664

  • The Card Players

    1664

    The Card Players  •  1664

  • Portrait of a Family in a Courrtyard in Delft

    between 1658 and 1660

    Portrait of a Family in a Courrtyard in Delft  •  between 1658 and 1660

  • A Mistress and her Maid

    1665

    A Mistress and her Maid  •  1665

  • Paying the Hostess

    1658

    Paying the Hostess  •  1658

  • Woman and maid in a Courtyard

    1660

    Woman and maid in a Courtyard  •  1660

  • Card Players at a Table

    1674

    Card Players at a Table  •  1674

  • Interior with a Young Couple

    1662

    Interior with a Young Couple  •  1662

  • Woman with a Water Pitcher, and a Man by a Bed

    1667

    Woman with a Water Pitcher, and a Man by a Bed  •  1667

  • Paying the Hostess

    1670

    Paying the Hostess  •  1670

  • The Visit

    1657

    The Visit   •  1657

  • The Jacott-Hoppesack Family

    1670

    The Jacott-Hoppesack Family  •  1670

  • Figures in a Courtyard behind a House

    1663-1665

    Figures in a Courtyard behind a House  •  1663-1665

  • Man Handing a Letter to a Woman in the Entrance Hall of a House

    1670

    Man Handing a Letter to a Woman in the Entrance Hall of a House   •  1670

  • A Woman with a Child in a Pantry

    1658

    A Woman with a Child in a Pantry  •  1658

  • A Man Smoking and a Woman Drinking in a Courtyard

    1658-1660

    A Man Smoking and a Woman Drinking in a Courtyard   •  1658-1660

  • Interior with Women beside a Linen Cupboard

    1663

    Interior with Women beside a Linen Cupboard  •  1663

  • The Council Chamber in Amsterdam Town Hall

    between 1661 and 1670

    The Council Chamber in Amsterdam Town Hall   •  between 1661 and 1670

  • A Woman with a Basket of Beans in a Garden

    1651

    A Woman with a Basket of Beans in a Garden   •  1651

  • Mother at the cradle

    1661-1663

    Mother at the cradle  •  1661-1663

  • A Mother Delousing her Child’s Hair, Known as ‘A Mother’s Duty’

    1658-1660

    A Mother Delousing her Child’s Hair, Known as ‘A Mother’s Duty’  •  1658-1660

  • Self-portrait of the painter Pieter de Hooch(?). Man's portrait, bust, with a column on the right.

    between 1648 and 1649

    Self-portrait of the painter Pieter de Hooch(?). Man's portrait, bust, with a column on the right.  •  between 1648 and 1649

  • Interior with a Mother close to a Cradle

    1665

    Interior with a Mother close to a Cradle  •  1665

  • Girl washing clothes

    1660s

    Girl washing clothes   •  1660s

  • A Musical Party

    1675

    A Musical Party   •  1675

  • Elegant couple playing music on a terrace, with a maidservant pouring wine

    1680-1684

    Elegant couple playing music on a terrace, with a maidservant pouring wine  •  1680-1684

  • A Woman with a Serving Girl

    1675

    A Woman with a Serving Girl   •  1675

  • Woman Peeling Vegetables in the Back Room of a Dutch House

    1657

    Woman Peeling Vegetables in the Back Room of a Dutch House   •  1657

  • Two Soldiers and a Serving Woman with a Trumpeter

    between 1654 and 1655

    Two Soldiers and a Serving Woman with a Trumpeter   •  between 1654 and 1655

  • Courtyard in Delft at Evening: a Woman Spinning

    1656 - 1657

    Courtyard in Delft at Evening: a Woman Spinning   •  1656 - 1657

  • Bringer of Bad News

    1655

    Bringer of Bad News   •  1655

  • Soldier Offering a Woman a Glass of Wine

    1653

    Soldier Offering a Woman a Glass of Wine  •  1653

  • A Woman Preparing Bread and Butter for a Boy

    1660 - 1663

    A Woman Preparing Bread and Butter for a Boy   •  1660 - 1663

  • Tric-trac player

    1652-1654

    Tric-trac player  •  1652-1654

  • A woman with a pair of scales

    1664

    A woman with a pair of scales  •  1664

  • The Bedroom

    1658-1660

    The Bedroom   •  1658-1660

  • Cardplayers in a Sunlit Room

    1658

    Cardplayers in a Sunlit Room   •  1658

  • Merry Company with a mandolin and a dog

    between 1673 and 1675

    Merry Company with a mandolin and a dog   •  between 1673 and 1675

  • Portrait of a unknown man and woman

    1684

    Portrait of a unknown man and woman  •  1684

  • A Woman with a Cittern and a Singing Couple at a Table

    1667-1670

    A Woman with a Cittern and a Singing Couple at a Table  •  1667-1670

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