Pieter Bruegel (the Elder)

Pieter Bruegel (the Elder)

The Painter and The Connoisseur, c. 1565, possibly Bruegel's self-portrait

Years of life: 1525 – 1569
Artist's Teachers: Pieter Coecke
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance (Dutch and Flemish Renaissance)
Painting School: Flemish School, Antwerp School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes , Marine art
Country: Flanders , Netherlands
Century: XVI

Breughel was nicknamed “Peasant” of the subject matter of his paintings, not his character. He was an outstanding Flemish painter. After 1559 the letter “h” dropped from his name (originally spelled Brueghel).

His beautiful paintings are detailed accounts of ordinary people, their everyday lives, and actions – something like a first-rate stage play or TV soap opera. The power of the impact of his paintings is great because as we enjoy the details characteristic of the time, we can recognize ourselves, especially when they show human stupidity, greed, and bad behavior.

Pieter Bruegel’s major works are Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559 (Berlin: Staatliche Museum); The Gloomy Day, 1565 (Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum); The Wedding Feast, c. 1567–68 (Madrid: Museo del Prado).

References:

  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.

Artworks:

  • Massacre of the Innocents

    1565–1567

    Massacre of the Innocents  •  1565–1567

  • The Wine of Saint Martin's Day

    1565–1568

    The Wine of Saint Martin's Day   •  1565–1568

  • The Wine Of Saint Martins Day

    1566

    The Wine Of Saint Martins Day  •  1566

  • Port of Naples

    1558

    Port of Naples  •  1558

  • Peasant head

    1563

    Peasant head  •  1563

  • Two chained monkeys

    1562

    Two chained monkeys  •  1562

  • The Conversion of Paul

    1567

    The Conversion of Paul  •  1567

  • Children's Games

    1559

    Children's Games   •  1559

  • The Massacre of the Innocents

    between 1565 and 1567

    The Massacre of the Innocents   •  between 1565 and 1567

  • Representations of Dutch proverbs of the 16th century

    1558

    Representations of Dutch proverbs of the 16th century  •  1558

  • The Triumph of Death

    1562

    The Triumph of Death   •  1562

  • The Tower of Babel

    1568

    The Tower of Babel   •  1568

  • The Tower of Babel

    1563

    The Tower of Babel   •  1563

  • Peasant Wedding

    1567

    Peasant Wedding   •  1567

  • The Fall of the Rebel Angels

    1562

    The Fall of the Rebel Angels  •  1562

  • The Conversion of Paul

    1567

    The Conversion of Paul   •  1567

  • The Wedding Dance

    1566

    The Wedding Dance  •  1566

  • The Return of the Herd (Autumn )

    1565

    The Return of the Herd (Autumn )  •  1565

  • Landscape with the Fall of Icarus

    1558

    Landscape with the Fall of Icarus   •  1558

  • Winter Landscape with a Bird-trap

    1565

    Winter Landscape with a Bird-trap   •  1565

  • The Sermon of St John the Baptist

    1566

    The Sermon of St John the Baptist  •  1566

  • The Suicide of Saul

    1562

    The Suicide of Saul   •  1562

  • The Harvesters (August)

    1565

    The Harvesters (August)  •  1565

Painter’s signatures

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