Maerten van Heemskerck
Self-portrait detail from his painting of the Colosseum
At one time he was Haarlem’s leading artist. He created portraits, altarpieces on mythological subjects. A trip to Rome in 1532-1536 totally transformed his works. Note the classical profiles of the portrait subjects; the muscular, Michelangelo-inspired figures; the emotional (but unrealistically depicted) faces, gestures, and vivid colors (hot reds, strong pinks, turquoise blue). He adopted Italian idealization rather than to Northern realism.
Maerten van Heemskerck’s major works are The Crucifixion, c. 1530 (Detroit Institute of Arts); Portrait of a Lady with a Spindle and Distaff, c. 1531 (Madrid: Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza)ю
- Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.