Joachim Patinir

Joachim Patinir
Years of life: 1480 – 1525
Artist's Teachers: Quentin Matsys
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Flemish School, Antwerp School
Genre: Landscape , Religious
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI

Joachim Patinir (also called Patenier) was the first painter to make landscape his principal theme. He created a special type of bird’s-eye viewpoint landscape with a lot of different details. He liked to paint improbably craggy inhabited mountains, heavy clouds, cold seas, and tiny-scale hermits, Our Lady or Christ in the background. The master probably often painted landscape backgrounds in the paintings of other artists as well, which makes it difficult to attribute his work; he had many imitators.

Joachim Patinir’s major works are Rest on the Flight to Egypt, c. 1515 (Minnesota: Minneapolis Institute of Arts); The Baptism of Christ, c. 1515 (Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum);The Penitence of St. Jerome, c. 1518 (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art).

References:

  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.

Artworks:

  • St Jerome in the Desert

    between 1515 and 1520

    St Jerome in the Desert   •  between 1515 and 1520

  • Landscape with Grazing Donkey

    between 1500 and 1524

    Fragment of a Rest on the Flight into Egypt

    Landscape with Grazing Donkey  •  between 1500 and 1524

  • Landscape with the Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

    1520

    Landscape with the Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah   •  1520

  • Temptation of St Anthony

    1515

    Temptation of St Anthony   •  1515

  • St Christopher Bearing the Christ Child

    St Christopher Bearing the Christ Child

  • Rocky Landscape with Saint Jerome

    Rocky Landscape with Saint Jerome

  • Landscape with The Flight into Egypt

    from 1516 until 1517

    Landscape with The Flight into Egypt   •  from 1516 until 1517

  • Landscape with the Rest on the Flight into Egypt

    1524

    Landscape with the Rest on the Flight into Egypt  •  1524

  • Landscape with Saint Jerome

    between 1516 and 1517

    Landscape with Saint Jerome   •  between 1516 and 1517

  • The Baptism of Christ

    1510s

    The Baptism of Christ  •  1510s

  • Crossing the River Styx

    between 1520 and 1524

    Crossing the River Styx   •  between 1520 and 1524

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