Joachim Patinir (also called Patenier) was the first painter to make landscape his principal theme. He created a special type of bird’s-eye viewpoint landscape with a lot of different details. He liked to paint improbably craggy inhabited mountains, heavy clouds, cold seas, and tiny-scale hermits, Our Lady or Christ in the background. The master probably often painted landscape backgrounds in the paintings of other artists as well, which makes it difficult to attribute his work; he had many imitators.
Joachim Patinir’s major works are Rest on the Flight to Egypt, c. 1515 (Minnesota: Minneapolis Institute of Arts); The Baptism of Christ, c. 1515 (Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum);The Penitence of St. Jerome, c. 1518 (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art).
- Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.