Also known as Jacopo Carucci. A Florentine, from Pontormo. Nervous, hysterical, lonely, melancholic, slow, capricious, hypochondriac, a talented painter (it should be mentioned that he studied with Leonardo). Bronzino’s teacher.
He painted altarpieces, mural paintings on religious and secular subjects, and portraits. His works are notable for their irrational compositions, complicated poses, and high-key colors. A brilliant draftsman. He created very good, sharply characterized portraits, distinguished by elongated proportions and arrogant poses. Pontormo was one of the founders of Mannerism. Out of fashion in the 18th and 19th centuries, but has returned to favor in the 20th and 21st. (The word “Mannerism” was not invented or defined until the 20th century.)
Jacopo Pontormo’s major works are The Visitation, 1514–16 (Florence: SS. Annunziata); Deposition, c. 1528 (Florence: Santa Felicità, Cappella Capponi); Portrait of Duke Cosimo I de’ Medici, c. 1537 (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum); Portrait of Maria Salviati, c. 1537 (Florence: Galleria degli Uffizi); Monsignor della Casa, c. 1541–44 (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art).
- Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.