Hieronymus Bosch

Hieronymus Bosch
Years of life: 1450 – 1516
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XV , XVI

Bosch was the last, and perhaps the greatest, of the medieval painters. He was admired in his lifetime; the artist was especially revered by ardent Catholics, including Philip II of Spain, an avid collector of his works.

Bosch is best known for his allegorical works of which the central theme is the sinful depravity of man, human folly, deadly sin, and the Last Judgment. Bosch’s paintings are like passionate sermons drawing pictures of hell.

The artist’s passion for moralizing is supplemented by the rich imagination: in his paintings, one can see fantastic monsters, disgusting creatures steeped in torment, and vice. These nightmares, not drug-induced, but illustrations of ideas and images in wide circulation of the Middle Ages. Bosch demonstrates a brilliant rapid technique that was influenced by ornate manuscript illumination. Acute, intricate intensity reflects his belief that he was depicting certainty and reality, not fantasy. Bosch had no real successor until Bruegel.

Hieronymus Bosch’s major works are Death and the Miser, c. 1485–90 (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art); The Ship of Fools, c. 1490–1500 (Paris: Musée du Louvre); Christ Mocked, c. 1490–1500 (London: National Gallery); The Path of Life, c. 1500–02 (Paris: Musée du Louvre).

References:

  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.

Artworks:

  • The Last Judgment

    1482

    The Last Judgment  •  1482

  • Triptych of the crucified Martyr

    1497-1505

    Triptych of the crucified Martyr   •  1497-1505

  • A Tavern Quarrel

    1510-1530

    A Tavern Quarrel  •  1510-1530

  • The resurrection of the dead and doomed lead into Hell (fragment of a Last Judgement).

    between 1500 and 1525

    The resurrection of the dead and doomed lead into Hell (fragment of a Last Judgement).   •  between 1500 and 1525

  • The Ship of Fools

    1494-1510

    The Ship of Fools   •  1494-1510

  • The Last Judgment

    1486-1510

    The Last Judgment   •  1486-1510

  • Calvary with Donor

    1490

    Calvary with Donor   •  1490

  • Adoration of the Magi

    Between 1607 and 1650

    Adoration of the Magi   •  Between 1607 and 1650

  • Terrestrial Paradise

    between 1490 and 1516

    Terrestrial Paradise   •  between 1490 and 1516

  • The Temptation of Saint Anthony the Hermit

    between 1530 and 1600

    The Temptation of Saint Anthony the Hermit  •  between 1530 and 1600

  • Allegory of Intemperance

    between 1495 and 1500

    Allegory of Intemperance  •  between 1495 and 1500

  • The Temptation of Saint Anthony

    Unknown date

    The Temptation of Saint Anthony   •  Unknown date

  • Adoration of the Magi

    between 1500 and 1599

    Adoration of the Magi  •  between 1500 and 1599

  • Christ in Limbo

    between 1500 and 1599

    Christ in Limbo  •  between 1500 and 1599

  • The Marriage Feast at Cana

    Unknown date

    The Marriage Feast at Cana   •  Unknown date

  • The Garden of Eden

    after 1449

    Garden of Earthly Delights, copy of left wing

    The Garden of Eden  •  after 1449

  • The Garden of Earthly Delights

    between 1490 and 1500

    The Garden of Earthly Delights   •  between 1490 and 1500

  • Saint Christopher Carrying the Christ Child

    1490s / 1500s

    Saint Christopher Carrying the Christ Child   •  1490s / 1500s

  • Adoration of the Magi, Interior (Saint Peter with donor, Adoration of the Magi, Saint Agnes with donor)

    1495

    Adoration of the Magi, Interior (Saint Peter with donor, Adoration of the Magi, Saint Agnes with donor)   •  1495

  • Ascent of the Blessed

    between 1500 and 1504

    Ascent of the Blessed   •  between 1500 and 1504

  • Scenes from the Passion of Christ

    1489

    Scenes from the Passion of Christ  •  1489

  • Saint John the Baptist in the Wilderness

    1489(?)

    Saint John the Baptist in the Wilderness   •  1489(?)

  • Adoration of the Magi

    1470s

    Adoration of the Magi   •  1470s

  • Christ Carrying the Cross

    Between 1510 and 1535

    Christ Carrying the Cross   •  Between 1510 and 1535

  • The Temptation of Saint Anthony

    1520

    The Temptation of Saint Anthony  •  1520

  • Extracting the stone of madness

    1552-1600

    Extracting the stone of madness   •  1552-1600

  • The Temptations of Saint Anthony

    between 1500 and 1510

    The Temptations of Saint Anthony  •  between 1500 and 1510

  • Christ Carrying the Cross

    1500

    Christ Carrying the Cross   •  1500

  • Concert in the Egg

    1561

    Concert in the Egg   •  1561

  • Christ in the Vorholle

    Christ in the Vorholle

  • Visions of the Hereafter - Hell

    between circa 1490 and circa 1516

    Visions of the Hereafter - Hell  •  between circa 1490 and circa 1516

  • Saint John the Evangelist on Patmos

    1489

    Saint John the Evangelist on Patmos   •  1489

  • Battle between Carnival and Lent

    between 1600 and 1620

    The fight between Carnival and Lent. In a kitchen, a bagpiper is carried inside, around this many dancing and drinking people, including a jester. On the right is a figure with a tray of fish and a man playing the lute.

    Battle between Carnival and Lent  •  between 1600 and 1620

  • The Deadly Sins

    1520-1530

    Formerly attributed to Hieronymus Bosch

    The Deadly Sins  •  1520-1530

  • The Wayfarer

    1494

    The Wayfarer   •  1494

  • Saint Gregory's Mass

    1475-1499

    The exterior of the Adoration of the Magi Triptych.

    Saint Gregory's Mass  •  1475-1499

  • Christ Crowned with Thorns

    between 1479 and 1516

    Christ Crowned with Thorns   •  between 1479 and 1516

  • Saint Jerome

    1482-1499

    Saint Jerome   •  1482-1499

  • Anthony with monsters

    between 1500 and 1525

    Formerly attributed to Hieronymus Bosch

    Anthony with monsters   •  between 1500 and 1525

  • Christ Carrying the Cross

    1498-1516

    Christ Carrying the Cross   •  1498-1516

  • The Hermit Saints Triptych

    1493-1499

    The Hermit Saints Triptych   •  1493-1499

  • Adoration of the Magi.

    1495-1520

    Formerly attributed to Hieronymus Bosch

    Adoration of the Magi.   •  1495-1520

  • The Birth of Christ

    between 1568 and 1600

    Formerly attributed to Hieronymus Bosch. Possibly by Gielis Panhedel.

    The Birth of Christ   •  between 1568 and 1600

  • Christ and the Adulteress

    Formerly attributed to Hieronymus Bosch. Possibly by Gielis Panhedel.

    Christ and the Adulteress

  • The Seven Deadly Sins

    between 1505 and 1510

    The Seven Deadly Sins   •  between 1505 and 1510

  • Extracting the stone of madness

    between 1494 and 1516

    Extracting the stone of madness   •  between 1494 and 1516

  • The Hay Wagon

    from 1510 until 1516

    The Hay Wagon   •  from 1510 until 1516

  • Death and the Miser

    between 1500 and 1510

    Death and the Miser  •  between 1500 and 1510

  • Adoration of the Magi

    Between 1500 and 1550

    Formerly attributed to Hieronymus Bosch Attribution is in debate but the Philadelphia museum attributes it to Bosch.

    Adoration of the Magi   •  Between 1500 and 1550

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