Frans Hals

Frans Hals
Years of life: 1581 – 1666
Artist's students: Adriaen van Ostade, Pieter Codde, Jan Miense Molenaer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Genre scenes , Portrait , Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

An artist fully formed in the Netherlands who never left Haarlem. After Rembrandt, he is the best painter in Dutch. Despite his success, he had debts (perhaps because he had eight children). He was a painter of portraits and group portraits (especially of the “Civic Guards,” all-male social clubs), as well as portraits of the inhabitants of the young Dutch Republic, who are always portrayed as rosy-cheeked, well-fed, well-dressed, happy, and prosperous. He also painted pictures of the genre, either of children or of peasants. Hulse’s work had a great influence on the art of the late twentieth century, when his style, having been totally out of fashion, was admired by young artists, including E. Manet.

The characters of his paintings, sometimes depicted in relaxed poses, are full of vitality and joy. He had a unique for his time painting technique: straight onto the canvas, with broad brushstrokes and bright colors. He was able to masterly command the expression of the eyes.

Frans Hals’s major works are Young Man with a Skull, 1626–28 (London: National Gallery); Mad Babs, c. 1629–30 (Berlin: Staatliche Museum); Portrait of Willem Coymans, 1645 (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art); Portrait of a Man, early 1650s (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art).

References:

  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.

Artworks:

  • The Banquet of the Officers of the St George Militia Company

    1616

    The Banquet of the Officers of the St George Militia Company  •  1616

  • Portrait of Jacobus Hendricksz Zaffius

    1611

    Portrait of Jacobus Hendricksz Zaffius  •  1611

  • Willem van Heythuysen, seated on a chair and holding a hunting crop

    1634

    Willem van Heythuysen, seated on a chair and holding a hunting crop  •  1634

  • Merrymakers at Shrovetide

    1616 - 1617

    Merrymakers at Shrovetide  •  1616 - 1617

  • Portrait of an unknown woman

    1640

    Portrait of an unknown woman  •  1640

  • Mulatto

    1627

    Mulatto  •  1627

  • Young Man and Woman in an Inn ("Yonker Ramp and His Sweetheart")

    1623

    Young Man and Woman in an Inn ("Yonker Ramp and His Sweetheart")  •  1623

  • The company of Captain Reinier Reael and Lieutenant Cornelis Michielsz. Blaeuw, known as the ‘Meagre Company’

    1633 - 1637

    Hals was commissioned to paint this civic guard portrait in 1633. By 1636 the work was still unfinished and the commission went to Codde, who finished it a year later. Hals is said to have done the left side of the painting, up to the man in light clothes in the center, as well as many of the hands and faces. The rest is by Codde.

    The company of Captain Reinier Reael and Lieutenant Cornelis Michielsz. Blaeuw, known as the ‘Meagre Company’  •  1633 - 1637

  • St. Matthew

    1625

    St. Matthew  •  1625

  • Portrait of a Man in a Slouch Hat

    between 1660 and 1666

    Portrait of a Man in a Slouch Hat   •  between 1660 and 1666

  • Portrait of a Seated Man

    1645

    Portrait of a Seated Man   •  1645

  • Portrait of Stephan Geraedts, Husband of Isabella Coymans

    1650 - 1652

    Portrait of Stephan Geraedts, Husband of Isabella Coymans   •  1650 - 1652

  • Portrait of Pieter van den Broecke (1585-1640)

    1633

    Portrait of Pieter van den Broecke (1585-1640)   •  1633

  • Portrait of a man, possibly Nicolaes Hasselaer

    1630 - 1635

    Portrait of a man, possibly Nicolaes Hasselaer   •  1630 - 1635

  • Malle Babbe

    1633

    Malle Babbe  •  1633

  • The Banquet of the Officers of the St George Militia Company in 1627

    1627

    The Banquet of the Officers of the St George Militia Company in 1627   •  1627

  • The Rommelpot Player

    1618 - 1620

    The Rommelpot Player  •  1618 - 1620

  • Portrait of Catharina Hooft with her nurse

    1619/20

    Catharina as a child, by Frans Hals. In her hand, she holds a silver rattle with bells, a status symbol.

    Portrait of Catharina Hooft with her nurse  •  1619/20

  • Portrait of a Man Holding a Skull

    1610 - 1614

    Portrait of a Man Holding a Skull  •  1610 - 1614

  • Portrait of Jacob Olycan (1596–1638)

    1625

    Portrait of Jacob Pietersz. Olycan at three-quarters-length. He stands, turned three quarters right, and looks to the left past the spectator. His right hand holds his hat. His left hand is pressed to his side. He wears a richly-embroided velvet costume with a short cloak and a lace-trimmed ruff with wristbands. The paintings were restored in 2007. During restoration, technical analysis confirmed what had long been thought, that the poorly rendered coats of arms were later additions not by Frans Hals (the pigment Prussian blue was found, but this pigment was first synthesized in 1706). The decision was taken to over paint the arms. Water soluble paints were used so that the over painting may be easily removed at a later date should this be wanted.

    Portrait of Jacob Olycan (1596–1638)   •  1625

  • Portrait of Aletta Hanemans (1606-1653)

    1625

    Portrait of Aletta Hannemans, who married Jacob Pietersz Olycan in 1624 and Nicolaes van Loo in 1640. She is shown three-quarters-length, standing, turned three-quarters left, looking at the spectator. She wears a costly bridal stomacher called a "bruidsborst", worked with gold thread and showing various flowers. She wears it over a colorful purple and red skirt that is draped over a French fardegalijn, which supports the heavy gold chain wrapped around her gown and through her "vlieger". Her vlieger is edged with black velvet and shows off her stomacher and skirt. Her sleeves are attached via shoulder wings to her dress with small silver aglets. Around her neck she wears a starched linen figure-eight collar, and over her hair a diadem cap with lace edging. She holds a pair of embroidered bridal gloves and wears a wedding ring on her right forefinger. She also wears gold bracelets and lace wrist collars. Both this painting and the pendant painting of her husband were restored in 2007. During restoration, technical analysis confirmed what had long been thought, that the poorly rendered coats of arms were later additions not by Frans Hals (the pigment Prussian blue was found, but this pigment was first synthesized in 1706). The decision was taken to over paint the arms. Water soluble paints were used so that the over painting may be easily removed at a later date should this be wanted.

    Portrait of Aletta Hanemans (1606-1653)   •  1625

  • Paulus van Beresteyn

    1620

    Paulus van Beresteyn   •  1620

  • Portrait of an Official

    1631

    Portrait of an Official  •  1631

  • Portrait of a Jester with a Lute

    1623 - 1624

    Portrait of a Jester with a Lute   •  1623 - 1624

  • Portrait of Frans Post

    1655

    Portrait of Frans Post  •  1655

  • Two singing boys with a lute and a music book

    1625

    Two singing boys with a lute and a music book  •  1625

  • Portrait of a Woman Holding a Fan

    1640

    Portrait of a Woman Holding a Fan  •  1640

  • Portrait of Willem Croes

    1660

    Portrait of Willem Croes   •  1660

  • Young Man with a Skull

    1626 - 1628

    Young Man with a Skull  •  1626 - 1628

  • Portrait of Willem van Heythuysen

    1625-1630

    Portrait of Willem van Heythuysen   •  1625-1630

  • Verdonck

    1627

    Verdonck  •  1627

  • The Gypsy Girl

    1628—1630

    The Gypsy Girl   •  1628—1630

  • Regents of the St. Elisabeth's Hospital, Haarlem

    1641

    Regents of the St. Elisabeth's Hospital, Haarlem  •  1641

  • Two laughing boys with mug of beer

    1626 - 1627

    Two laughing boys with mug of beer  •  1626 - 1627

  • The St Adrian Militia Company in 1633

    1633

    The St Adrian Militia Company in 1633   •  1633

  • The Merry Drinker

    1626 - 1627

    The Merry Drinker   •  1626 - 1627

  • Laughing man with jug, known as "Peeckelhaeringh"

    1627

    Laughing man with jug, known as "Peeckelhaeringh"  •  1627

  • Wedding portrait of Isaac Abrahamsz. Massa (1586–1643) and Beatrix van der Laan (1592–1639)

    1622

    Wedding portrait of Isaac Abrahamsz. Massa (1586–1643) and Beatrix van der Laan (1592–1639)  •  1622

  • Laughing Cavalier

    1624

    Laughing Cavalier   •  1624

  • St. Luke

    1623 - 1625

    St. Luke   •  1623 - 1625

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