Francisco de Zurbarán

Francisco de Zurbarán

Probable self-portrait of Francisco de Zurbarán as Saint Luke, c. 1635–1640

Years of life: 1598 – 1664
Artist's Teachers: Francisco Pacheco
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Spain
Century: XVII

He is considered a remarkable, but not a great artist. His main customers were Spanish religious orders. He depicted saints and monarchs while praying or meditating. Like Caravaggio, his work has a hard-edged realism, employs strong chiaroscuro effects, and demonstrates a smooth technique and care for precise detail. Often does not convey emotion very convincingly. Died in poverty.

Francisco de Zurbarán’s major works are Beato Serapio, 1628 (Hartford, Connecticut: Wadsworth Atheneum); St. Margaret, 1630–34 (London: National Gallery).


  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.


  • Saint Luke as a painter, before Christ on the Cross, detail

    between 1630 and 1639

    Saint Luke as a painter, before Christ on the Cross, detail  •  between 1630 and 1639

  • The Adoration of the Shepherds


    The Adoration of the Shepherds  •  1639

  • Childhood of the Virgin

    between 1658 and 1660

    Childhood of the Virgin   •  between 1658 and 1660

  • Saint Francis in Ecstasy

    Saint Francis in Ecstasy

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