Self Portrait (c.1583) - Bartholomäus Spranger
Painter, draftsman, and etcher; main exponent of Late Mannerism, its Northern European variant. Born in Antwerp. He worked in France, then moved on to Rome where he studied under Taddeo Zuccaro. In 1570 he was appointed court painter to the Pope. He worked for Emperor Maximilian II in Vienna, where he lived until his death. In 1581 became court painter to Emperor Rudolf II. His works were mainly of mythological or allegorical subjects. He is very popular in northern Europe and hugely influential on Haarlem school.
Bartholomeus Spranger’s major works are Christ, the Saviour of the World,16th century (Montauban, France: Musée Ingres); Diana and Actaeon, c. 1590–95 (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art); The Adoration of the Kings, c. 1595 (London: National Gallery); Venus and Adonis, c. 1597 (Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum); Allegory of Justice and of Prudence, c. 1599 (Paris: Musée du Louvre).
- Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.