Annibale Carracci

Annibale Carracci

Self-portrait on an Easel in a Workshop, 1605

Years of life: 1560 – 1609
Artist's Teachers: Titian
Artist's students: Guido Reni
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Mythology , Genre scenes , Portrait , Landscape , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

Born in Bologna, he lived in Rome from 1595. The most talented member of the brilliant trio (with brother Agostino and cousin Ludovico).

He is as good as Raphael (brilliant draftsmanship, observation of nude, harmonious compositions), Michelangelo (anatomical knowledge, heroic idealization—his frescoes in the Farnese Palace are on a par with Michelangelo’s in the Sistine Chapel) and Titian (richness of colors). His caricature and his early genre scenes and ideal landscapes are full of fresh observation. He influenced Rubens and Poussin.

Critics say his work is too eclectic, merely a plagiarist with no originality. Look who his followers were – the awful Bologna School. But look for a large number of wonderful drawings, full of humor and personal touches, he produced! He had a strong belief in drawing and observing from life as an answer to sterile academicism—to the point of establishing a school to teach it—a belief shared in a different way by Impressionists, especially Cézanne. In 1606 he practically gave up painting.

Annibale Carracci’s major works are The Butcher’s Shop, 1580s (Oxford: Christ Church Picture Gallery); Domine Quo Vadis?, 1601–02 (London: National Gallery).

References:

  1. Robert Cumming. Art: complete encyclopedia. – 512 p. – Moscow: Astrel, 2005.

Artworks:

  • Mocking of Christ

    1596

    Mocking of Christ   •  1596

  • Self-portrait on an Easel in a Workshop

    1605

    Self-portrait on an Easel in a Workshop  •  1605

  • Samson Imprisoned

    1595

    Samson Imprisoned  •  1595

  • Perseus and Phineas

    1604-1606

    Perseus and Phineas  •  1604-1606

  • Credenza with Paris as a shepherd after a fresco by Caracci in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome; unknown master

    around 1730

    Credenza with Paris as a shepherd after a fresco by Caracci in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome; unknown master   •  around 1730

  • Mary Magdalene in a landscape

    1598

    Mary Magdalene in a landscape   •  1598

  • The Madonna of Loreto

    between 1604 and 1605

    The Madonna of Loreto  •  between 1604 and 1605

  • The Stoning of St Stephen

    between 1603 and 1604

    The Stoning of St Stephen   •  between 1603 and 1604

  • An allegory of Truth and Time

    1584

    An allegory of Truth and Time   •  1584

  • The Bean Eater

    between 1584 and 1585

    The Bean Eater  •  between 1584 and 1585

  • The Dead Christ

    1583-1585

    The Dead Christ  •  1583-1585

  • Man laughing

    1583

    Man laughing   •  1583

  • Pietà

    between 1599 and 1600

    Pietà  •  between 1599 and 1600

  • The Flight into Egypt

    1603-1604

    The Flight into Egypt   •  1603-1604

  • Venus and Adonis

    1595

    Venus and Adonis  •  1595

  • Two Children Teasing a Cat

    between 1588 and 1590

    Two Children Teasing a Cat  •  between 1588 and 1590

  • The Temptation of St Anthony Abbot

    between 1597 and 1598

    The Temptation of St Anthony Abbot   •  between 1597 and 1598

  • The Samaritan Woman at the Well

    between 1593 and 1594

    The Samaritan Woman at the Well   •  between 1593 and 1594

  • The Mystic Marriage of St Catherine

    between 1585 and 1587

    The Mystic Marriage of St Catherine  •  between 1585 and 1587

  • The Choice of Heracles

    1596

    The Choice of Heracles   •  1596

  • The Baptism of Christ

    1584

    The Baptism of Christ   •  1584

  • Self-portrait in Profile

    1590s

    Self-portrait in Profile   •  1590s

  • Self-portrait

    1604

    Self-portrait   •  1604

  • Saint John the Baptist Bearing Witness

    1600

    Saint John the Baptist Bearing Witness  •  1600

  • River Landscape

    between 1589 and 1590

    River Landscape   •  between 1589 and 1590

  • Male Portrait (The Lutenist Mascheroni), c. 1593-1594

    1593-1594

    Male Portrait (The Lutenist Mascheroni), c. 1593-1594   •  1593-1594

  • Hunting

    between 1585 and 1588

    Hunting  •  between 1585 and 1588

  • Head of a Man

    between 1595 and 1599

    Head of a Man  •  between 1595 and 1599

  • Fishing

    between 1585 and 1588

    Fishing  •  between 1585 and 1588

  • Christ appearing to Saint Peter on the Appian Way

    1602

    Christ appearing to Saint Peter on the Appian Way  •  1602

  • Christ in Glory

    between 1597 and 1598

    Christ in Glory   •  between 1597 and 1598

  • Boy Drinking

    from 1582 until 1583

    Boy Drinking   •  from 1582 until 1583

  • Madonna Enthroned with Saint Matthew

    1588

    Madonna Enthroned with Saint Matthew  •  1588

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