Religious

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Agnolo Bronzino
Agnolo Bronzino
Years of life: 1503 – 1572
Artist's Teachers: Jacopo Pontormo
Artist's students: Alessandro Allori
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

He is best known for his arrogant, icy portraits. Court painter to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, a man of ...

Alberto Sotio
Alberto Sotio
Years of life: ? – 1187
Art Movement: Gothic
Painting School: Spoleto school
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XII

Alberto Sotio (also Alberto Sozio) was an Italian painter, born probably around 1100 and died in 1187. He is considered ...

Andrea del Sarto
Andrea del Sarto
Years of life: 1486 – 1530
Artist's students: Francesco de' Rossi (Francesco Salviati), "Cecchino"
Art Movement: High Renaissance, Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

The last significant Florentine High Renaissance painter. Influenced in subjects, style, and technique by Leonardo, Raphael, and Michelangelo. He created ...

Andrea Mantegna
Andrea Mantegna
Years of life: 1431 – 1506
Artist's Teachers: Francesco Squarcione
Art Movement: Early Renaissance, High Renaissance
Painting School: Venetian School, Paduan School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV , XVI

He was one of the greatest painters of the early Renaissance. He worked at the court for the dukes of ...

Annibale Carracci
Annibale Carracci
Years of life: 1560 – 1609
Artist's Teachers: Titian
Artist's students: Guido Reni
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Mythology , Genre scenes , Portrait , Landscape , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

Born in Bologna, he lived in Rome from 1595. The most talented member of the brilliant trio (with brother Agostino ...

Antonello da Messina
Antonello da Messina
Years of life: 1430 – 1479
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

He was born in Messina, Sicily, and lived in Venice from 1475 to 1476. Antonello was one of the pioneers ...

Antonio and Bartolomeo Vivarini
Antonio and Bartolomeo Vivarini
Years of life: 1415 – 1484
Artist's Teachers: Andrea da Murano, Antonello da Messina
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Venetian school
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

The Venetian brothers Antonio (c. 1415-1484) and Bartolomeo Vivarini (c. 1432-1499) created old-fashioned altarpieces with stiff figures and elaborately carved ...

Antonio Correggio
Antonio Correggio
Years of life: 1494 – 1534
Artist's Teachers: Lorenzo Allegri (?)
Artist's students: Pomponio Allegri
Art Movement: High Renaissance, Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Parma School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

At one time a revered and popular (especially in the seventeenth and seventeenth centuries) artist. Nowadays he is not very ...

Artemisia Gentileschi
Artemisia Gentileschi
Years of life: 1597 – 1652
Artist's Teachers: Orazio Gentileschi
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Florentine School, Caravaggisti
Genre: Genre scenes , Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Daughter of Orazio Gentileschi. She was kidnapped at 19 and tortured during the subsequent court case to see if she ...

Bartholomeus Spranger
Bartholomeus Spranger
Years of life: 1546 – 1611
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Mythology , Portrait , Landscape , Religious
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI , XVII

Painter, draftsman, and etcher; main exponent of Late Mannerism, its Northern European variant. Born in Antwerp. He worked in France, ...

Bartolommeo Manfredi
Bartolommeo Manfredi
Years of life: 1582 – 1622
Artist's Teachers: Caravaggio
Artist's students: Gerard Seghers
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Caravaggisti
Genre: Mythology , Portrait , Religious , Still-life
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Little-known artist. Painted decadent everyday scenes, mythological and religious pictures. Preferred allegorical themes based on conflict. He painted in a ...

Benozzo di Lese Gozzoli
Benozzo di Lese Gozzoli
Years of life: 1421 – 1497
Artist's Teachers: Fra Angelico
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

This early Renaissance Florentine master was a rather prosaic artist, rather an artisan, but in his works, one can feel ...

Bernardino di Betto Pinturicchio
Bernardino di Betto Pinturicchio
Years of life: 1454 – 1513
Artist's Teachers: Pietro Perugino
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Umbrian school
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV , XVI

Pinturicchio was a serious representative of the Umbrian school of painting, strongly influenced by Perugino. A highly skilled, prolific, ambitious, ...

Bernardo Daddi
Bernardo Daddi
Years of life: 1290 – 1349
Artist's Teachers: Giotto (?)
Art Movement: Proto Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XIV

Italian painter, born about 1290, died about 1349. Daddi, a young contemporary of Giotto, may have been his pupil. He ...

Caravaggio
Caravaggio
Years of life: 1571 – 1610
Artist's Teachers: Simone Peterzano
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Mythology , Genre scenes , Portrait , Religious , Still-life
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

His full name was Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio. The only one among the famous artists with such a criminal past ...

Carel Fabritius
Carel Fabritius
Years of life: 1622 – 1654
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Johannes Vermeer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Delft School
Genre: Still-life , Mythology , Portrait , Landscape , Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He died tragically at a young age. Less than ten authenticated works are known, but they show the versatility of ...

Carlo Crivelli
Carlo Crivelli
Years of life: 1457 – 1493
Artist's Teachers: Jacobello del Fiore
Art Movement: Late Gothic, Early Renaissance
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

This artist of the Venetian school worked in a strict old-fashioned style. The master's works are characterized by ornamental, attention ...

Cima da Conegliano
Cima da Conegliano
Years of life: 1459 – 1517
Artist's Teachers: Bartolomeo Montagna (?)
Artist's students: Carlo da Conegliano, Vittore Belliniano
Art Movement: High Renaissance
Painting School: Venetian School, Paduan School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV , XVI

This Venetian painter was strongly influenced by Giovanni Bellini, from whom he borrowed a sonorous golden coloration and learned the ...

Cimabue (Cenni di Peppi)
Cimabue (Cenni di Peppi)
Years of life: 1240 – 1302
Artist's students: Giotto di Bondone (?)
Art Movement: Proto Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XIII , XIV

Cimabue was the most prominent Florentine painter of the late thirteenth century and a contemporary of Dante. Traditionally said to be ...

Cosimo Rosselli
Cosimo Rosselli
Years of life: 1439 – 1507
Artist's Teachers: Neri di Bicci
Artist's students: Piero di Cosimo, Fra Bartolomeo, Mariotto Albertinelli, and Agnolo di Domenico del Mazziere
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

As a well-known Florentine painter, Rosselli belonged to the division and painted run-of-the-mill religious works. Cosimo Rosselli’s major works are ...

David Teniers (the Younger)
David Teniers (the Younger)
Years of life: 1610 – 1690
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Mythology , Genre scenes , Landscape , Religious , Still-life
Country: Flanders
Century: XVII

Teniers is best known for his genre paintings depicting rough peasants, such as in Boors Carousing. After 1651 he detailed ...

Dieric Bouts
Dieric Bouts
Years of life: 1415 – 1478
Artist's Teachers: Rogier van der Weyden (?)
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XV

Also known as Dirk (Thierry) Bouts. Possibly he was a pupil of Rogier van der Weyden. Very little is known ...

Domenichino
Domenichino
Years of life: 1581 – 1641
Artist's Teachers: Denis Calvaert
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Born in Bologna' worked in Rome and Naples. He was small in stature (Domenichino means “little Dominic”) and had an ...

Domenico Ghirlandaio
Domenico Ghirlandaio
Years of life: 1449 – 1494
Artist's Teachers: Andrea del Verrocchio
Artist's students: Michelangelo
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

This Florentine master achieved success with a solid, old-fashioned yet realistic storytelling style His most famous pupil was Michelangelo. Ghirlandaio painted ...

Domenico Veneziano
Domenico Veneziano
Years of life: 1400 – 1461
Artist's Teachers: Gentile da Fabriano (?)
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

This artist was a famous and influential Venetian painter who worked in Florence. Almost nothing is known about his life, ...

Dosso Dossi
Dosso Dossi
Years of life: 1479 – 1542
Artist's Teachers: Lorenzo Costa
Art Movement: High Renaissance
Painting School: Ferrara School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Somewhat obscure Venetian painter in the mold of Titian and Giorgione. His emotional and poetic painting is rich in color ...

Duccio di Buoninsegna
Duccio di Buoninsegna
Years of life: 1255 – 1319
Artist's students: Ugolino di Nerio (?)
Art Movement: Renaissance
Painting School: Sienese School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XIII , XIV

Duccio di Buoninsegna was the founder of the Sienese school of painting of the XIV century. His painting is full ...

Ercole de’ Roberti
Ercole de’ Roberti
Years of life: 1450 – 1496
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: School of Ferrara
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

De Roberti was the court painter to the d’Este family in Ferrara. A shadowy figure, with very few works, firmly ...

Federico Barocci
Federico Barocci
Years of life: 1526 – 1612
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

A painter from Urbino who made sentimental paintings on religious subjects, Barocci was very ill, which can sometimes be evident ...

Ferdinand Bol
Ferdinand Bol
Years of life: 1616 – 1680
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Godfrey Kneller
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A pupil of Rembrandt. Many of his works are very much in the master’s style, to whom his works have ...

Filippino Lippi
Filippino Lippi
Years of life: 1457 – 1504
Artist's Teachers: Filippo Lippi
Art Movement: Early Renaissance, High Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV , XVI

The paintings of Filippino, son of Fra Filippo Lippi, were successful in their day, but stylistically outdated in his later ...

Fra Angelico
Fra Angelico
Years of life: 1387 – 1455
Artist's Teachers: Lorenzo Monaco (?)
Artist's students: Benozzo Gozzoli
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

Fra Angelico was a Dominican friar. This artist's work combines old-fashioned Gothic and progressive Renaissance ideas. Fra Angelico's art, naive ...

Fra Baccio della Porta Bartolomeo
Fra Baccio della Porta Bartolomeo
Years of life: 1474 – 1517
Art Movement: High Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV , XVI

An outstanding Florentine painter whose work reflected the transition from the Early Renaissance to the High Renaissance. His large-scale, elaborate ...

Fra Filippo Lippi
Fra Filippo Lippi
Years of life: 1406 – 1469
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Quattrocento School
Genre: Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XV

Fra Filippo Lippi is an outstanding Early Renaissance Florentine whose work forms a bridge between Masaccio and Botticelli. His sincerely-felt ...

Francesco Parmigianino
Francesco Parmigianino
Years of life: 1503 – 1540
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Parma School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

He lived a short life, developed early as an artist, had great success (he was called the "Raphael reborn"). He ...

Francesco Primaticcio
Francesco Primaticcio
Years of life: 1504 – 1570
Artist's Teachers: Giulio Romano
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Painter, born and trained in Bologna. Worked with Giulio Romano in Mantua. In 1532 he moved to France under the ...

Francisco de Zurbarán
Francisco de Zurbarán
Years of life: 1598 – 1664
Artist's Teachers: Francisco Pacheco
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Spain
Century: XVII

He is considered a remarkable, but not a great artist. His main customers were Spanish religious orders. He depicted saints ...

Frans Hals
Frans Hals
Years of life: 1581 – 1666
Artist's students: Adriaen van Ostade, Pieter Codde, Jan Miense Molenaer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

An artist fully formed in the Netherlands who never left Haarlem. After Rembrandt, he is the best painter in Dutch. ...

Frans Snyders
Frans Snyders
Years of life: 1579 – 1657
Artist's Teachers: Peter Paul Rubens, Pieter Brueghel the Younger
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Religious , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Flanders
Century: XVII

Son of an innkeeper. The undisputed master of the Baroque still life. He became a rich man. There are many ...

Gabriel Metsu
Gabriel Metsu
Years of life: 1682 – 1749
Artist's Teachers: Gerrit Dou, Nikolaus Knüpfer
Artist's students: Michiel van Musscher, Adrian Isaac
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Leiden School
Genre: Genre scenes , Portrait , Religious , Still-life
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The artist achieved great mastery of the courtyard scenes. His paintings depict scenes of the well-ordered life of the Dutch ...

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