Mythology

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Agnolo Bronzino
Agnolo Bronzino
Years of life: 1503 – 1572
Artist's Teachers: Jacopo Pontormo
Artist's students: Alessandro Allori
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

He is best known for his arrogant, icy portraits. Court painter to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, a man of ...

Annibale Carracci
Annibale Carracci
Years of life: 1560 – 1609
Artist's Teachers: Titian
Artist's students: Guido Reni
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

Born in Bologna, he lived in Rome from 1595. The most talented member of the brilliant trio (with brother Agostino ...

Antonio Correggio
Antonio Correggio
Years of life: 1494 – 1534
Artist's Teachers: Lorenzo Allegri (?)
Artist's students: Pomponio Allegri
Art Movement: High Renaissance, Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Parma School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

At one time a revered and popular (especially in the seventeenth and seventeenth centuries) artist. Nowadays he is not very ...

Artemisia Gentileschi
Artemisia Gentileschi
Years of life: 1597 – 1652
Artist's Teachers: Orazio Gentileschi
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Florentine School, Caravaggisti
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Daughter of Orazio Gentileschi. She was kidnapped at 19 and tortured during the subsequent court case to see if she ...

Bartholomeus Spranger
Bartholomeus Spranger
Years of life: 1546 – 1611
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI , XVII

Painter, draftsman, and etcher; main exponent of Late Mannerism, its Northern European variant. Born in Antwerp. He worked in France, ...

Bartolommeo Manfredi
Bartolommeo Manfredi
Years of life: 1582 – 1622
Artist's Teachers: Caravaggio
Artist's students: Gerard Seghers
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Caravaggisti
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Little-known artist. Painted decadent everyday scenes, mythological and religious pictures. Preferred allegorical themes based on conflict. He painted in a ...

Caravaggio
Caravaggio
Years of life: 1571 – 1610
Artist's Teachers: Simone Peterzano
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

His full name was Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio. The only one among the famous artists with such a criminal past ...

Carel Fabritius
Carel Fabritius
Years of life: 1622 – 1654
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Johannes Vermeer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Delft School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He died tragically at a young age. Less than ten authenticated works are known, but they show the versatility of ...

David Teniers (the Younger)
David Teniers (the Younger)
Years of life: 1610 – 1690
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Landscape , Religious , Still-life , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Flanders
Century: XVII

Teniers is best known for his genre paintings depicting rough peasants, such as in Boors Carousing. After 1651 he detailed ...

Dosso Dossi
Dosso Dossi
Years of life: 1479 – 1542
Artist's Teachers: Lorenzo Costa
Art Movement: High Renaissance
Painting School: Ferrara School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Somewhat obscure Venetian painter in the mold of Titian and Giorgione. His emotional and poetic painting is rich in color ...

Ferdinand Bol
Ferdinand Bol
Years of life: 1616 – 1680
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Godfrey Kneller
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A pupil of Rembrandt. Many of his works are very much in the master’s style, to whom his works have ...

Francesco Parmigianino
Francesco Parmigianino
Years of life: 1503 – 1540
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Parma School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

He lived a short life, developed early as an artist, had great success (he was called the "Raphael reborn"). He ...

Francesco Primaticcio
Francesco Primaticcio
Years of life: 1504 – 1570
Artist's Teachers: Giulio Romano
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Painter, born and trained in Bologna. Worked with Giulio Romano in Mantua. In 1532 he moved to France under the ...

Francisco de Zurbarán
Francisco de Zurbarán
Years of life: 1598 – 1664
Artist's Teachers: Francisco Pacheco
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Spain
Century: XVII

He is considered a remarkable, but not a great artist. His main customers were Spanish religious orders. He depicted saints ...

Gerrit van Honthorst
Gerrit van Honthorst
Years of life: 1590 – 1656
Artist's Teachers: Abraham Bloemaert
Artist's students: Joachim von Sandrart
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke, Caravaggisti, Utrecht School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The only member of the Utrecht School to establish an international reputation. In 1610-1612 he studied in Rome. His narrative ...

Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari
Years of life: 1511 – 1574
Artist's Teachers: Andrea del Sarto
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Tuscan School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Painter, architect, writer, art historian, collector. A popular and entertaining personality whose patrons - an inveterate gossip - were said ...

Giorgione
Giorgione
Years of life: 1476 – 1510
Artist's Teachers: Giovanni Bellini
Artist's students: Sebastiano del Piombo
Art Movement: High Renaissance
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Giorgione's real name was Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco. The young, short-lived genius of the Venetian School, who ranks in achievement, ...

Giovanni Lanfranco
Giovanni Lanfranco
Years of life: 1582 – 1647
Artist's Teachers: Agostino Carracci
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

He established the enthusiasm for large-scale illusionistic decoration of churches and palaces in Rome and Naples. He painted crowds with ...

Giulio Romano
Giulio Romano
Years of life: 1496 – 1546
Artist's Teachers: Raphael
Art Movement: High Renaissance, Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Also known as Giulio Pippi. Architect, painter, and draftsman; a major exponent of Mannerism. Student and assistant of Raphael; strongly ...

Guercino
Guercino
Years of life: 1591 – 1666
Artist's students: Benedetto Gennari II, Cesare Gennari, Giulio Coralli, Giuseppe Bonati of Ferrara, Cristoforo Serra of Cesena, Father Cesare Pronti of Ferrara, Sebastiano Ghezzi, Sebastiano Bombelli, Lorenzo Bergonzoni of Bologna, Francesco Paglia of Brescia., Benedetto Zallone of Cento, Bartolomeo Caravoglia, and Matteo Loves
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Real name Giovanni Francesco Barbieri Guercino, nicknamed "Guercino" means "crosseyed”. Self-taught, he worked in Bologna. He is considered one of ...

Guido Reni
Guido Reni
Years of life: 1575 – 1642
Artist's Teachers: Ludovico Carracci, Annibale Carracci
Artist's students: Simone Cantarini, Antonio Randa, Vincenzo Gotti, Emilio Savonanzi, Sebastiano Brunetti, Tommaso Campana, Domenico Maria Canuti, Bartolomeo Marescotti, Giovanni Maria Tamburino, and Pietro Gallinari
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

One of the leading artists of the Bolognese school. The source of his inspiration was the works of Raphael. His ...

Hendrick Ter Brugghen
Hendrick Ter Brugghen
Years of life: 1588 – 1629
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Caravaggisti, Utrecht School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The most important painter of the Utrecht school, deeply influenced by Caravaggio's paintings (he spent 10 years in Italy). On ...

Jacob Jordaens
Jacob Jordaens
Years of life: 1593 – 1678
Artist's Teachers: Adam van Noort, Peter Paul Rubens
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School, Antwerp School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Flanders
Century: XVII

Rubens's assistant. Compared with Rubens, his work is less integral and harmonious, his paintings lack a single visual and emotional ...

Jacopo Bassano
Jacopo Bassano
Years of life: 1517 – 1592
Artist's Teachers: Bonifazio Veronese
Artist's students: Francesco Bassano the Younger, Giovanni Battista da Ponte, Leandro Bassano, and Girolamo da Ponte
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

The most famous member of the famous Venetian da Ponte family from Bassano (where Italian grappa is made). He was ...

Jacopo Pontormo
Jacopo Pontormo
Years of life: 1494 – 1557
Artist's Teachers: Mariotto Albertinelli
Artist's students: Agnolo Bronzin
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Also known as Jacopo Carucci. A Florentine, from Pontormo. Nervous, hysterical, lonely, melancholic, slow, capricious, hypochondriac, a talented painter (it ...

Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto
Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto
Years of life: 1518 – 1594
Artist's Teachers: Titian
Artist's students: Maarten de Vos, Domenico Tintoretto
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

His father was a dyer (tintore), hence the nickname, Tintoretto. Very little is known about his life. Although not very ...

Jan Both
Jan Both
Years of life: 1618 – 1652
Artist's Teachers: Dirck Both, Abraham Bloemaert
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A Dutch landscape painter who studied in Rome and painted idyllic landscapes à la Claude Lorrain. Compared with Lorraine, his ...

Jan Brueghel the Elder
Jan Brueghel the Elder
Years of life: 1568 – 1625
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI , XVII

The second son of Pieter Breugel the Elder, nicknamed "Velvet" (his name also retaining the “h” in Breughel). He painted ...

Jan Steen
Jan Steen
Years of life: 1626 – 1679
Artist's Teachers: Nikolaus Knüpfer, Jan van Goyen, Adriaen van Ostade, Guild of Saint Luke
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Sten, one of the best Dutch painters, ran a tavern and owned a brewery. His tavern scenes, feasts, and burgher ...

Jan Vermeer
Jan Vermeer
Years of life: 1632 – 1675
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Delft School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Today he is considered to be one of the finest Dutch genre painters. Unrecognized in his own lifetime and forgotten ...

Luca Giordano
Luca Giordano
Years of life: 1634 – 1705
Artist's Teachers: Antonio Giordano
Artist's students: Aniello Rossi, Matteo Pacelli, Paolo de Matteis, Nicola Malinconico.
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

A prolific, energetic, successful decorator of palaces, especially ceilings. He loved mythological subjects with dramatic action, bold compositions, contrasts of ...

Maerten van Heemskerck
Maerten van Heemskerck
Years of life: 1498 – 1574
Artist's Teachers: Cornelius Willemsz, Jan van Scorel
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVI

At one time he was Haarlem's leading artist. He created portraits, altarpieces on mythological subjects. A trip to Rome in ...

Niccolò dell’Abbate
Niccolò dell’Abbate
Years of life: 1512 – 1571
Artist's Teachers: Antonio Begarelli
Artist's students: Ercole Abbate
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Emilian School, School of Fontainebleau
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy , France
Century: XVI

Master of decorative paintings and portraits. Born and educated in Modena, he later perfected his art in Bologna. His fantastical ...

Orazio Gentileschi
Orazio Gentileschi
Years of life: 1563 – 1639
Artist's students: Artemisia Gentileschi
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Caravaggisti
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Remarkable Tuscan artist. Born in Pisa, he settled in Rome in 1576. His work was influenced by Caravaggio but without ...

Paolo Veronese
Paolo Veronese
Years of life: 1528 – 1588
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Paolo Caliari, is from Verona, hence his middle name. The greatest representative of the Venetian school. Don't look for deep ...

Paris Bordone
Paris Bordone
Years of life: 1500 – 1571
Artist's Teachers: Titian
Art Movement: High Renaissance
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVI

Venetian painter, painted portraits, religious and mythological works, landscapes. He was strongly influenced by Giorgione and his teacher, Titian (despite ...

Piero di Cosimo
Piero di Cosimo
Years of life: 1462 – 1521
Artist's Teachers: Cosimo Rosselli
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Florentine School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XV , XVI

He was an out-of-the-ordinary painter for the Early Renaissance. A misanthrope who preferred to the humanistic ideals of the Renaissance ...

Pieter Bruegel (the Elder)
Pieter Bruegel (the Elder)
Years of life: 1525 – 1569
Artist's Teachers: Pieter Coecke
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance (Dutch and Flemish Renaissance)
Painting School: Flemish School, Antwerp School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes , Marine art
Country: Flanders , Netherlands
Century: XVI

Breughel was nicknamed "Peasant" of the subject matter of his paintings, not his character. He was an outstanding Flemish painter. ...

Pieter Lastman
Pieter Lastman
Years of life: 1583 – 1633
Artist's students: Rembrandt, Jan Lievens
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Religious , Mythology , Military art
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Known chiefly as Rembrandt's teacher. He painted pictures of narrative characters with exaggerated facial expressions and gestures but spoiled by ...

Pieter Paul Rubens
Pieter Paul Rubens
Years of life: 1577 – 1640
Artist's Teachers: Tobias Verhaecht, Adam van Noort, Otto van Veen
Artist's students: Anthony van Dyck, Jacob Jordaens, Frans Snyders
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School, Antwerp School
Genre: Animalistics , Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes , Military art
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI , XVII

An extraordinary man, who had traveled to many countries, gifted with many talents: artist, diplomat, merchant, scholar. His studio, which ...

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