Netherlands

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Adriaen van Ostade
Adriaen van Ostade
Years of life: 1610 – 1684
Artist's Teachers: Frans Hals
Artist's students: Michiel van Musscher, Adrian Isaac
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Born in Haarlem. Specialist in lowlife scenes of peasants. Warm earthy colors suit the mood of paintings. Over time, Ostade’s ...

Aelbert Cuyp
Aelbert Cuyp
Years of life: 1620 – 1691
Artist's Teachers: Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Marine art , Animalistics
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The son of a painter. Cuyp married a wealthy widow in 1658 and neglected his art. He produced several charming Dordrecht, ...

Aert van der Neer
Aert van der Neer
Years of life: 1603 – 1677
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He specialized in night scenes (dark and mysterious, with a full moon or lit by burning candles) and winter landscapes ...

Carel Fabritius
Carel Fabritius
Years of life: 1622 – 1654
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Johannes Vermeer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Delft School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He died tragically at a young age. Less than ten authenticated works are known, but they show the versatility of ...

Dieric Bouts
Dieric Bouts
Years of life: 1415 – 1478
Artist's Teachers: Rogier van der Weyden (?)
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XV

Also known as Dirk (Thierry) Bouts. Possibly he was a pupil of Rogier van der Weyden. Very little is known ...

Esaias van de Velde
Esaias van de Velde
Years of life: 1591 – 1630
Artist's Teachers: Gillis van Coninxloo
Artist's students: Jan van Goyen, Pieter van Laer, Jan Martszen de Jonge, Pieter de Molyn, Pieter de Neyn, Anthony van de Velde
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School, Haarlem Guild of St. Luke
Genre: Landscape , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

His soft, monochromatic landscapes (often in winter) are very natural, unstagey, they convey well the sense of open space and ...

Ferdinand Bol
Ferdinand Bol
Years of life: 1616 – 1680
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Godfrey Kneller
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A pupil of Rembrandt. Many of his works are very much in the master’s style, to whom his works have ...

Frans Hals
Frans Hals
Years of life: 1581 – 1666
Artist's students: Adriaen van Ostade, Pieter Codde, Jan Miense Molenaer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

An artist fully formed in the Netherlands who never left Haarlem. After Rembrandt, he is the best painter in Dutch. ...

Gabriel Metsu
Gabriel Metsu
Years of life: 1682 – 1749
Artist's Teachers: Gerrit Dou, Nikolaus Knüpfer
Artist's students: Michiel van Musscher, Adrian Isaac
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Leiden School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The artist achieved great mastery of the courtyard scenes. His paintings depict scenes of the well-ordered life of the Dutch ...

Gerard David
Gerard David
Years of life: 1484 – 1523
Art Movement: Early Renaissance
Painting School: Ghent-Bruges School
Genre: Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XV , XVI

The last significant Netherlandish painter in the tradition of Van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden. David worked in Bruges and ...

Gerard Terborch
Gerard Terborch
Years of life: 1617 – 1681
Artist's Teachers: Willem Cornelisz Duyster, Pieter Codde
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School
Genre: Portrait , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He was precocious and successful, Terborch (or Ter Borch) was one of the finest and most versatile masters of the ...

Gerrit van Honthorst
Gerrit van Honthorst
Years of life: 1590 – 1656
Artist's Teachers: Abraham Bloemaert
Artist's students: Joachim von Sandrart
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke, Caravaggisti, Utrecht School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The only member of the Utrecht School to establish an international reputation. In 1610-1612 he studied in Rome. His narrative ...

Gerritt Dou
Gerritt Dou
Years of life: 1613 – 1675
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Gabriel Metsu, Frans van Mieris the Elder
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Also known as Gerard Dou. Rembrandt's first pupil (from the age of 15). Small-scale works with finely painted details, glassy ...

Govaert Flinck
Govaert Flinck
Years of life: 1615 – 1660
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

In the 1630s he was a pupil of Rembrandt, but his works are lighter, less gloomy, and serious. Flinck was ...

Hendrick Ter Brugghen
Hendrick Ter Brugghen
Years of life: 1588 – 1629
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Caravaggisti, Utrecht School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The most important painter of the Utrecht school, deeply influenced by Caravaggio's paintings (he spent 10 years in Italy). On ...

Hieronymus Bosch
Hieronymus Bosch
Years of life: 1450 – 1516
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XV , XVI

Bosch was the last, and perhaps the greatest, of the medieval painters. He was admired in his lifetime; the artist ...

Jacob van Ruisdael
Jacob van Ruisdael
Years of life: 1628 – 1682
Artist's students: Meindert Hobbema
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Jacob van Ruisdael was the leading Dutch landscape painter of the second half of the 17th century. He was a ...

Jan Both
Jan Both
Years of life: 1618 – 1652
Artist's Teachers: Dirck Both, Abraham Bloemaert
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A Dutch landscape painter who studied in Rome and painted idyllic landscapes à la Claude Lorrain. Compared with Lorraine, his ...

Jan Davidsz de Heem
Jan Davidsz de Heem
Years of life: 1606 – 1684
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Portrait , Still-life
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Born in Utrecht, he lived and worked in Antwerp from 1636. He was famous for his still-life paintings of flowers ...

Jan Gossaert
Jan Gossaert
Years of life: 1478 – 1532
Artist's students: Jan van Scorel, Jan Mertens the Younger
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Antwerp School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Flanders , Netherlands
Century: XVI

Jan Gossaert, nicknamed Jan Mabuse, was a native of Mauberge (now France). He is one of the key figures in ...

Jan Steen
Jan Steen
Years of life: 1626 – 1679
Artist's Teachers: Nikolaus Knüpfer, Jan van Goyen, Adriaen van Ostade, Guild of Saint Luke
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Sten, one of the best Dutch painters, ran a tavern and owned a brewery. His tavern scenes, feasts, and burgher ...

Jan van der Heyden
Years of life: 1637 – 1712
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The painting was not a main activity of the inventor. Van der Heyden is best known for still lifes and ...

Jan van Eyck
Jan van Eyck
Years of life: 1390 – 1441
Artist's Teachers: Robert Campin (?)
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Netherlands
Century: XV

Van Eyck's origins are dark and mysterious, only known work is from the 1430s onward. As an artist and diplomat, ...

Jan van Goyen
Jan van Goyen
Years of life: 1596 – 1656
Artist's Teachers: Esaias van de Velde
Artist's students: Jan Steen
Painting School: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape , Marine art
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

One of the most important Dutch landscape painters. He was a prolific and much-imitated painter, had many pupils. He often ...

Jan Vermeer
Jan Vermeer
Years of life: 1632 – 1675
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Delft School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Today he is considered to be one of the finest Dutch genre painters. Unrecognized in his own lifetime and forgotten ...

Jan Weenix
Jan Weenix
Years of life: 1640 – 1719
Artist's Teachers: Jan Baptist Weenix
Artist's students: Maria Weenix, Dirk Valkenburg
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Utrecht School
Genre: Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII , XVIII

The son of Jan Baptist Weenix (1621 - 1663), who called himself Giovanni Battista after a trip to Italy in ...

Joos van Cleve
Joos van Cleve
Years of life: 1490 – 1540
Artist's students: Cornelis van Cleve
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance, Dutch and Flemish Renaissance
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Flanders , Netherlands
Century: XVI

A popular Antwerp-based painter of devotional altarpieces and portraits. In his work tradition (finely detailed northern technique, overloaded symbolism, stiffly ...

Maerten van Heemskerck
Maerten van Heemskerck
Years of life: 1498 – 1574
Artist's Teachers: Cornelius Willemsz, Jan van Scorel
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVI

At one time he was Haarlem's leading artist. He created portraits, altarpieces on mythological subjects. A trip to Rome in ...

Meyndert Hobbema
Meyndert Hobbema
Years of life: 1638 – 1709
Artist's Teachers: Jacob van Ruisdael
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The last of the major Dutch landscape painters of the golden age, he gave up professional painting when he married ...

Nicolaes Maes
Nicolaes Maes
Years of life: 1632 – 1693
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Justus de Gelder, Margaretha van Godewijk, Jacob Moelaert, Johannes Vollevens
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Delft School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He is best known for his early paintings which often show kitchen life below stairs, or old women asleep. Later ...

Paulus Potter
Paulus Potter
Years of life: 1625 – 1654
Artist's Teachers: Pieter Symonsz Potter
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Animalistics
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He was the best at painting cows (as well as horses, sheep, and goats). Several of his canvases show them ...

Petrus Christus
Petrus Christus
Years of life: 1444 – 1472
Artist's Teachers: Jan van Eyck
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Flanders , Netherlands
Century: XV

He was a major underrated painter from Bruges, a follower of van Eyck, and influenced by van der Weyden. His ...

Philips Koninck
Philips Koninck
Years of life: 1619 – 1688
Artist's Teachers: Jacob Koninck, Rembrandt
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Portrait , Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A pupil of Rembrandt, he learned from his teacher's landscape etchings and went on to produce a formula for large-scale, ...

Philips Wouwerman
Philips Wouwerman
Years of life: 1619 – 1668
Artist's Teachers: Pouwels Joostsz Wouwerman (?)
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Haarlem Guild of St. Luke
Genre: Landscape , Military art
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Small-scale landscapes of horsemen, battle or hunting scenes (note trademark white horse). Philips Wouverman’s major works are Horses Being Watered, ...

Pieter Aertsen
Pieter Aertsen
Years of life: 1508 – 1575
Art Movement: Northern Mannerism
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVI

He painted altarpieces and large-scale peasant subjects. He often depicts religious scenes in monumental genre and still-life scenes (e.g., butcher's ...

Pieter Bruegel (the Elder)
Pieter Bruegel (the Elder)
Years of life: 1525 – 1569
Artist's Teachers: Pieter Coecke
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance (Dutch and Flemish Renaissance)
Painting School: Flemish School, Antwerp School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes , Marine art
Country: Flanders , Netherlands
Century: XVI

Breughel was nicknamed "Peasant" of the subject matter of his paintings, not his character. He was an outstanding Flemish painter. ...

Pieter de Hooch
Pieter de Hooch
Years of life: 1629 – 1683
Artist's Teachers: Nicolaes Berchem
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Delft School
Genre: Portrait , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Pieter de Hooch was a popular Dutch master and one of the most famous masters of genre painting. He is ...

Pieter Jansz Saenredam
Pieter Jansz Saenredam
Years of life: 1597 – 1665
Artist's Teachers: Jan Pietersz Saenredam, Frans de Grebber
Art Movement: Dutch Golden Age, Baroque
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Others
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Painted Dutch architecture and interiors of churches (Gothic style with whitewashed walls). He made meticulous preliminary drawings and measurements Pieter ...

Pieter Lastman
Pieter Lastman
Years of life: 1583 – 1633
Artist's students: Rembrandt, Jan Lievens
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Religious , Mythology , Military art
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Known chiefly as Rembrandt's teacher. He painted pictures of narrative characters with exaggerated facial expressions and gestures but spoiled by ...

Rembrandt
Rembrandt
Years of life: 1606 – 1669
Artist's Teachers: Jacob van Swanenburg, Pieter Lastman
Artist's students: Carel Fabritius, Nicolaes Maes, Gerrit Dou, Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Ferdinand Bol
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Animalistics , Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Still-life , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The full name of this great Dutch painter is Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn. He created prolific, stunning masterpieces, treasured in ...

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