XVII

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Adriaen van Ostade
Adriaen van Ostade
Years of life: 1610 – 1684
Artist's Teachers: Frans Hals
Artist's students: Michiel van Musscher, Adrian Isaac
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Born in Haarlem. Specialist in lowlife scenes of peasants. Warm earthy colors suit the mood of paintings. Over time, Ostade’s ...

Aelbert Cuyp
Aelbert Cuyp
Years of life: 1620 – 1691
Artist's Teachers: Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Marine art , Animalistics
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The son of a painter. Cuyp married a wealthy widow in 1658 and neglected his art. He produced several charming Dordrecht, ...

Aert van der Neer
Aert van der Neer
Years of life: 1603 – 1677
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He specialized in night scenes (dark and mysterious, with a full moon or lit by burning candles) and winter landscapes ...

Annibale Carracci
Annibale Carracci
Years of life: 1560 – 1609
Artist's Teachers: Titian
Artist's students: Guido Reni
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

Born in Bologna, he lived in Rome from 1595. The most talented member of the brilliant trio (with brother Agostino ...

Artemisia Gentileschi
Artemisia Gentileschi
Years of life: 1597 – 1652
Artist's Teachers: Orazio Gentileschi
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Florentine School, Caravaggisti
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Daughter of Orazio Gentileschi. She was kidnapped at 19 and tortured during the subsequent court case to see if she ...

Bartholomeus Spranger
Bartholomeus Spranger
Years of life: 1546 – 1611
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI , XVII

Painter, draftsman, and etcher; main exponent of Late Mannerism, its Northern European variant. Born in Antwerp. He worked in France, ...

Bartolommeo Manfredi
Bartolommeo Manfredi
Years of life: 1582 – 1622
Artist's Teachers: Caravaggio
Artist's students: Gerard Seghers
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Caravaggisti
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Little-known artist. Painted decadent everyday scenes, mythological and religious pictures. Preferred allegorical themes based on conflict. He painted in a ...

Caravaggio
Caravaggio
Years of life: 1571 – 1610
Artist's Teachers: Simone Peterzano
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

His full name was Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio. The only one among the famous artists with such a criminal past ...

Carel Fabritius
Carel Fabritius
Years of life: 1622 – 1654
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Johannes Vermeer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Delft School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He died tragically at a young age. Less than ten authenticated works are known, but they show the versatility of ...

Daniel Mytens
Daniel Mytens
Years of life: 1590 – 1647
Artist's Teachers: Van Mierevelt (?)
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Portrait
Country: Flanders , England
Century: XVII

The major portrait painter in England before Van Dyck. Born and trained in Dutch. About 1618 came to London, where ...

David Teniers (the Younger)
David Teniers (the Younger)
Years of life: 1610 – 1690
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Landscape , Religious , Still-life , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Flanders
Century: XVII

Teniers is best known for his genre paintings depicting rough peasants, such as in Boors Carousing. After 1651 he detailed ...

Domenichino
Domenichino
Years of life: 1581 – 1641
Artist's Teachers: Denis Calvaert
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Born in Bologna' worked in Rome and Naples. He was small in stature (Domenichino means “little Dominic”) and had an ...

Esaias van de Velde
Esaias van de Velde
Years of life: 1591 – 1630
Artist's Teachers: Gillis van Coninxloo
Artist's students: Jan van Goyen, Pieter van Laer, Jan Martszen de Jonge, Pieter de Molyn, Pieter de Neyn, Anthony van de Velde
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School, Haarlem Guild of St. Luke
Genre: Landscape , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

His soft, monochromatic landscapes (often in winter) are very natural, unstagey, they convey well the sense of open space and ...

Federico Barocci
Federico Barocci
Years of life: 1526 – 1612
Art Movement: Mannerism (Late Renaissance)
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Italy
Century: XVI , XVII

A painter from Urbino who made sentimental paintings on religious subjects, Barocci was very ill, which can sometimes be evident ...

Ferdinand Bol
Ferdinand Bol
Years of life: 1616 – 1680
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Godfrey Kneller
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A pupil of Rembrandt. Many of his works are very much in the master’s style, to whom his works have ...

Francisco de Zurbarán
Francisco de Zurbarán
Years of life: 1598 – 1664
Artist's Teachers: Francisco Pacheco
Art Movement: Baroque
Genre: Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Spain
Century: XVII

He is considered a remarkable, but not a great artist. His main customers were Spanish religious orders. He depicted saints ...

Frans Hals
Frans Hals
Years of life: 1581 – 1666
Artist's students: Adriaen van Ostade, Pieter Codde, Jan Miense Molenaer
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

An artist fully formed in the Netherlands who never left Haarlem. After Rembrandt, he is the best painter in Dutch. ...

Frans Snyders
Frans Snyders
Years of life: 1579 – 1657
Artist's Teachers: Peter Paul Rubens, Pieter Brueghel the Younger
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Religious , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Flanders
Century: XVII

Son of an innkeeper. The undisputed master of the Baroque still life. He became a rich man. There are many ...

Gabriel Metsu
Gabriel Metsu
Years of life: 1682 – 1749
Artist's Teachers: Gerrit Dou, Nikolaus Knüpfer
Artist's students: Michiel van Musscher, Adrian Isaac
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Leiden School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The artist achieved great mastery of the courtyard scenes. His paintings depict scenes of the well-ordered life of the Dutch ...

Gerard Terborch
Gerard Terborch
Years of life: 1617 – 1681
Artist's Teachers: Willem Cornelisz Duyster, Pieter Codde
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School
Genre: Portrait , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

He was precocious and successful, Terborch (or Ter Borch) was one of the finest and most versatile masters of the ...

Gerrit van Honthorst
Gerrit van Honthorst
Years of life: 1590 – 1656
Artist's Teachers: Abraham Bloemaert
Artist's students: Joachim von Sandrart
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke, Caravaggisti, Utrecht School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The only member of the Utrecht School to establish an international reputation. In 1610-1612 he studied in Rome. His narrative ...

Gerritt Dou
Gerritt Dou
Years of life: 1613 – 1675
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Artist's students: Gabriel Metsu, Frans van Mieris the Elder
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Also known as Gerard Dou. Rembrandt's first pupil (from the age of 15). Small-scale works with finely painted details, glassy ...

Giovanni Lanfranco
Giovanni Lanfranco
Years of life: 1582 – 1647
Artist's Teachers: Agostino Carracci
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

He established the enthusiasm for large-scale illusionistic decoration of churches and palaces in Rome and Naples. He painted crowds with ...

Govaert Flinck
Govaert Flinck
Years of life: 1615 – 1660
Artist's Teachers: Rembrandt
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

In the 1630s he was a pupil of Rembrandt, but his works are lighter, less gloomy, and serious. Flinck was ...

Guercino
Guercino
Years of life: 1591 – 1666
Artist's students: Benedetto Gennari II, Cesare Gennari, Giulio Coralli, Giuseppe Bonati of Ferrara, Cristoforo Serra of Cesena, Father Cesare Pronti of Ferrara, Sebastiano Ghezzi, Sebastiano Bombelli, Lorenzo Bergonzoni of Bologna, Francesco Paglia of Brescia., Benedetto Zallone of Cento, Bartolomeo Caravoglia, and Matteo Loves
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

Real name Giovanni Francesco Barbieri Guercino, nicknamed "Guercino" means "crosseyed”. Self-taught, he worked in Bologna. He is considered one of ...

Guido Reni
Guido Reni
Years of life: 1575 – 1642
Artist's Teachers: Ludovico Carracci, Annibale Carracci
Artist's students: Simone Cantarini, Antonio Randa, Vincenzo Gotti, Emilio Savonanzi, Sebastiano Brunetti, Tommaso Campana, Domenico Maria Canuti, Bartolomeo Marescotti, Giovanni Maria Tamburino, and Pietro Gallinari
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Bolognese School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

One of the leading artists of the Bolognese school. The source of his inspiration was the works of Raphael. His ...

Hendrick Ter Brugghen
Hendrick Ter Brugghen
Years of life: 1588 – 1629
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Caravaggisti, Utrecht School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The most important painter of the Utrecht school, deeply influenced by Caravaggio's paintings (he spent 10 years in Italy). On ...

Jacob Jordaens
Jacob Jordaens
Years of life: 1593 – 1678
Artist's Teachers: Adam van Noort, Peter Paul Rubens
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School, Antwerp School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Flanders
Century: XVII

Rubens's assistant. Compared with Rubens, his work is less integral and harmonious, his paintings lack a single visual and emotional ...

Jacob van Ruisdael
Jacob van Ruisdael
Years of life: 1628 – 1682
Artist's students: Meindert Hobbema
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Jacob van Ruisdael was the leading Dutch landscape painter of the second half of the 17th century. He was a ...

Jan Both
Jan Both
Years of life: 1618 – 1652
Artist's Teachers: Dirck Both, Abraham Bloemaert
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

A Dutch landscape painter who studied in Rome and painted idyllic landscapes à la Claude Lorrain. Compared with Lorraine, his ...

Jan Brueghel the Elder
Jan Brueghel the Elder
Years of life: 1568 – 1625
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Still-life , Mythology
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI , XVII

The second son of Pieter Breugel the Elder, nicknamed "Velvet" (his name also retaining the “h” in Breughel). He painted ...

Jan Davidsz de Heem
Jan Davidsz de Heem
Years of life: 1606 – 1684
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Flemish School
Genre: Portrait , Still-life
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Born in Utrecht, he lived and worked in Antwerp from 1636. He was famous for his still-life paintings of flowers ...

Jan Steen
Jan Steen
Years of life: 1626 – 1679
Artist's Teachers: Nikolaus Knüpfer, Jan van Goyen, Adriaen van Ostade, Guild of Saint Luke
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Haarlem School
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Sten, one of the best Dutch painters, ran a tavern and owned a brewery. His tavern scenes, feasts, and burgher ...

Jan van der Heyden
Years of life: 1637 – 1712
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

The painting was not a main activity of the inventor. Van der Heyden is best known for still lifes and ...

Jan van Goyen
Jan van Goyen
Years of life: 1596 – 1656
Artist's Teachers: Esaias van de Velde
Artist's students: Jan Steen
Painting School: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Genre: Landscape , Marine art
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

One of the most important Dutch landscape painters. He was a prolific and much-imitated painter, had many pupils. He often ...

Jan Vermeer
Jan Vermeer
Years of life: 1632 – 1675
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Painting School: Dutch School, Delft School, Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Landscape , Religious , Mythology , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII

Today he is considered to be one of the finest Dutch genre painters. Unrecognized in his own lifetime and forgotten ...

Jan Weenix
Jan Weenix
Years of life: 1640 – 1719
Artist's Teachers: Jan Baptist Weenix
Artist's students: Maria Weenix, Dirk Valkenburg
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Utrecht School
Genre: Still-life , Genre scenes
Country: Netherlands
Century: XVII , XVIII

The son of Jan Baptist Weenix (1621 - 1663), who called himself Giovanni Battista after a trip to Italy in ...

Luca Giordano
Luca Giordano
Years of life: 1634 – 1705
Artist's Teachers: Antonio Giordano
Artist's students: Aniello Rossi, Matteo Pacelli, Paolo de Matteis, Nicola Malinconico.
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Venetian School
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Mythology
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

A prolific, energetic, successful decorator of palaces, especially ceilings. He loved mythological subjects with dramatic action, bold compositions, contrasts of ...

Marten de Vos
Marten de Vos
Years of life: 1531 – 1603
Artist's Teachers: Jeroom Scuelens, Tintoretto
Artist's students: Balten Vlierden, Wenzel Coebergher, Hans Snyers, Merten Boly, Jaeckes Keerel, Jan Adriansen Cnottaert, Peeter Goutsteen, Hans Cnottaert, Hans van Alten, Hans de La Torte, Abraham van Lievendale
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Painting School: Guild of Saint Luke
Genre: Portrait , Religious
Country: Flanders
Century: XVI , XVII

The leading Antwerp painter. His work combines Flemish realism and love of detail with Italian subjects and idealizations (he visited ...

Mattia Preti
Mattia Preti
Years of life: 1613 – 1699
Art Movement: Baroque
Painting School: Caravaggisti
Genre: Portrait , Religious , Genre scenes
Country: Italy
Century: XVII

A master of large-scale decoration, he successfully combines in his work the realism of Caravaggio and the theatricality of grand ...

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